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The problem of semantic information

how to determine the quality of information? a different bit of information?

the formulation and and the criticism at the end by Jaron Larnier

"A Difference That Makes a Difference"
A Conversation With Daniel C. Dennett 11.22.17

psychology of thinking

The Halo Effect: Evidence for Unconscious Alteration of Judgments
Richard E. Nisbett and Timothy DeCamp Wilson

GPS, A Program that Simulates Human Thought
By A. NEWELL, Santa Monica (Calif.) and H. A. SIMON, Pittsburgh

The Geography of Thought: How Asians and Westerners Think Differently – 12 May 2005 by Richard E. Nisbett